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Insulin Resistance Causes & Risks


The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known. It believed to be due to a combination of factors, such as:

  • Genetic factors
  • Insulin resistance
  • Obesity —especially central obesity, in core of body
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Poor diet
  • Fatty tissue abnormalities linked to insulin resistance and obesity
  • Psychological stress
  • Chronic low-grade inflammation
  • Aging

Risk Factors

Risk factors for metabolic syndrome include the following:

  • Overweight (especially excessive fat in the abdominal region)
  • Poor diet
    • Eating a diet high in calories, sugar, saturated fats, and starchy foods (eg, bread, cereal, rice, pasta, potatoes), and low in dietary fiber
    • Drinking a lot of soda, even diet soda, has been linked to metabolic syndrome
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Gender
    • No difference in Caucasians
    • African Americans: females more than males by 57%
    • Mexican Americans: females more than males by 26%
  • Genetics: family history of diabetes, lipid disorders, high blood pressure , or heart disease
  • Socioeconomic factor with high incidence in low household income families
  • Age: over 60 years old
  • Ethnicity: Latino/Hispanic American, African American, Native American, Asian American, Pacific Islander
  • History of glucose intolerance or gestational diabetes
  • A diagnosis of any of the following conditions:

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2024 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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