Facebook Pixel

Toxic Shock Syndrome Definition & Overview

Definition

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) refers to a combination of symptoms that results from toxins produced by an infection with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The disease can progress rapidly, causing failure of multiple body systems. Toxic shock syndrome can be fatal. There are two types of the disease:

The menstrual type—associated with menstruation and tampon use. The number of tampon-associated cases has decreased since the 1980s. Women have become more aware of the danger and modified their use of tampons. In addition, a highly absorbent type of tampon was removed from the market. Doctors are not sure what role tampons play in the disease. Absorbent tampons may cause dryness and breaks in the lining of the vagina.

The nonmenstrual type—associated with a wound. It can occur in men, women, and children.

A different bacterium, Streptococcus pyogenes , can cause a similar condition, called streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2022 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

The Latest in Toxic Shock Syndrome Definition & Overview

ASK Your Health Question

It's FREE and you'll get a response within 24 hours

ASK

POST Info, Tips & Stories

Inspire others to learn from your experiences. Tell your story!

POST
Get Email Updates

Related Topics

Toxic Shock Syndrome Guide

Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.

ASK

Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!