Treatment aims to relieve pressure on the area, heal the wound, avoid complications, and prevent future pressure sores. In many cases, a caregiver will provide care for your pressure sores.
- Avoid placing any weight or pressure on the wound.
- Change position at least every two hours, around the clock.
- Maintain good body alignment.
- Make sure bedclothes are clean and without wrinkles.
- If needed, use a special mattress.
- Use a “lift sheet” to move the patient rather than pulling the bedsheet or the patient.
Clean soiled skin after each bowel movement and urination. Wash with mild soap and warm water. Rinse well. Pat dry. Do not rub. Apply lotion as recommended by the doctor.
A nurse or doctor will teach you or your caregiver how to tend to the wound. Some basic instructions include:
- Clean the sore, remove dead tissue, and apply a dressing.
- Do not put anything else on the ulcer.
- Wash hands before and after performing wound care.
- Clean the wound every time the bandage is changed.
- You may need to take pain medication a half hour or hour before dressing changes.
Eat a well-balanced meal. Your doctor may recommend vitamins, minerals, or supplements.
Surgery and Other Procedures
The doctor may surgically remove dead tissue and skin grafts may be needed. In some situations, electrotherapy may be used to stimulate blood flow and promote healing.
If you are diagnosed with pressure sores, follow your doctor's instructions .