The most effective way to treat allergies is to avoid the allergen. Since this can sometimes be difficult or impossible, other treatments are available.
Treatments may include:
- Antihistamines—stop the interaction between histmamine and the receptors; block the action of histmaine; usually taken as pills or syrup
- Decongestants—decrease congestion by constricting blood vessels, taken as pills or as a nasal spray; use of the nasal spray may lead to rebound congestion
- Mast cell inhibitors—nasal sprays that interfere with the chemical reactions leading to histamine release
- Topical corticosteroids—nasal sprays that decrease swelling in the nasal passages
Immunotherapy (Allergy Shots) and Sublingual Therapy
With immunotherapy, very small amounts of allergens are injected over weeks, months, or even years. The goal is to make your body's immune system less sensitive to those allergens.
There's another, similar type of treatment called sublingual immunotherapy . It involves placing small amounts of allergens under the tongue. This treatment is more popular in Europe. While it has shown to reduce symptoms in some studies, more research is needed. *¹
If you are diagnosed with allergic rhinitis, follow your doctor's instructions .
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