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Gestational Diabetes Causes & Risks


The exact cause is unknown. But these factors may contribute to the condition:

  • Hormones needed for the baby's growth interfere with insulin
  • Excess weight increases insulin resistance
  • Insulin resistance prevents the body from effectively using insulin

Risk Factors

These factors increase your chance of developing this condition:

  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Family members with diabetes
  • Age: 25 or older
  • Race: Hispanic, African-American, Native-American, Asian-American, Indigenous Australian, or a Pacific Islanders
  • Gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy
  • Previous delivery of a large baby
  • Previous stillbirth or too much fluid surrounding a baby during pregnancy
  • Glucose in urine

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2022 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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