Like ageing is a natural process, some health problems is also natural with the increasing age. Wrinkles, grey hair is simply unavoidable, similarly even ageing of eyes. One such age related vision problem is presbyopia. In fact, it is a greek word for ageing eye which makes it evidently a age related eyesight problem. Even if you never had any vision problem, after 40 you might suddenly find difficult reading newspaper, mobile text, doing needlework or reading menu in restaurant with low light. In short, you will find it difficult to focus on near objects. Headache, blurred vision, eye strain are common symptoms of presbyopia.
These are the known and obvious facts about presbyopia, however there are some other crucial facts which you also need to know about this vision problem. The knowledge will really benefit you.
So here are some lesser known information about presbyopia:
Presbyopia and farsightedness are two different vision problems
Though in both the cases, presbyopia and hyperopia (farsightedness), the patient finds it difficult to focus on near objects, it is not the same. Hyperopia can occur at any age, there is no fixed age period whereas as mentioned before, presbyopia occurs anytime after 40s and increases in intervals. Any suitable prescription glasses or single-vision lenses are used to correct farsightedness. In case of presbyopia, reading glasses or readers are available. It is actually treated with bifocal or multifocal lenses.
Hyperopia is caused due to ill-shaped cornea or small eyeball as compared to normal eyes. In case of presbyopia, the eye lens loses its flexibility due to ageing and in result you lose focus of near objects.
Presbyopia happens even if you have any other vision problem
Even if you had flawless skin before, age will cause wrinkles. Similarly if you had crystal clear vision during young age, still you will inevitably face presbyopia. No matter you had vision problem or not, presbyopia will naturally happen. Even if the patient is suffering from myopia or hyperopia or any other vision problem for instance, presbyopia is by default vision condition. You cannot escape from it only prevent it with right pair of glasses. Bifocals is the best option to tackle with multiple vision problems.
Presbyopia before 40 is POSSIBLE
Yes it is an age related vision problem but premature presbyopia is possible due to some risk factors. One of the main reasons of early presbyopia is hyperopia. Since is both the cases the patient finds it difficult to focus on near things, it may easily attract the symptoms of presbyopia and result in early ageing of eyes. Apart from this, health conditions like diabetes, heart related diseases, anemia can affect the eyes and cause presbyopia earlier. Since the symptoms of presbyopia and hyperopia are same, it will be difficult to judge what exactly is the cause of poor vision. It is better to get your eyes checked by the doctor and look for a solution for doing nearby tasks, flawlessly.
Presbyopia is not curable
Unfortunately presbyopia can neither be permanently cured nor is irreversible but it can certainly be improved. It can be prevented with bifocal lenses, progressive lenses, reading glasses or multifocal contact lenses. There are also surgical treatments like LASIK, refractive lens exchange and corneal inlay.
Get your eyes checked regularly and improve vision in the best possible way.
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