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Hello Anonymous,

Welcome to EmpowHER. Thank you for reaching out to our community on behalf of your relative.

All medications have side effects, some of which negatively affect patients based on their other medical conditions.

Gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying, is a disorder that slows or stops the movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine. It can occur when the vagus nerve is damaged by illness or injury and the stomach muscles stop working normally. Food then moves slowly from the stomach to the small intestine or stops moving altogether.

Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis. People with diabetes have high levels of blood glucose. Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the vagus nerve.

Proton pump inhibitors, like Nexium, are often prescribed because they can be given in lower doses to be effective. The incidence of serious kidney damage is less than 1%.

Histamine 2 blockers, such as Zantac, work by reducing the amount of acid your stomach produces. However, very high doses are required to achieve relief.

Metoclopramide (Reglan) stimulates stomach muscle contractions to help with gastric emptying. Metoclopramide also helps reduce nausea and vomiting. The medication is taken 20 to 30 minutes before meals and at bedtime. Possible side effects of metoclopramide include fatigue, sleepiness, and depression. Currently, this is the only medication approved by the FDA for treatment of gastroparesis. However, the FDA has placed a black box warning on this medication because of rare reports of it causing an irreversible neurologic side effect called tardive dyskinesia—a disorder that affects movement.

Anonymous, I suggest your relative have a thorough evaluation of her renal system to determine if there is any kidney damage. She should see if there is a medical center nearby that offers gastric motility studies and see if she is a candidate for a gastric pacemaker.

To learn more, please read this article "New gastric pacemaker is helping patients with gastroparesis"


April 6, 2016 - 5:38am


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