It is understandable that you are concerned about your risk for developing breast cancer.
You can learn more about BRCA1 and BRCA2 by visiting the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health website, www.cancer.gov.
The BRCA1 and BRCA2: Cancer Risk and Genetic Testing is very informative.
To answer your questions:
Genetic testing is recommended for individuals with a family history that suggests harmful mutation in BRCA1 and BRCA2. It is not recommended for children, even those with a family history that suggests mutation of BRCA1 and BRCA2, "because no risk-reduction strategies exist for children, and children's risks of developing a cancer type associated with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation are extremely low. After children with a family history suggestive of a harmful BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation become adults, however, they may want to obtain genetic counseling about whether or not to undergoing genetic testing."
Consult your physician to schedule a BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic test. Check with your insurance provider to see if your policy covers this test.
"The cost for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation testing usually ranges from several hundred to several thousand dollars. Insurance policies vary with regard to whether or not the cost is covered. People considering BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation testing may want to find out about their insurance coverage for genetic tests before having the test.
Some of the genetic testing companies that offer testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations may offer testing at no charge to patients who lack insurance and meet specific financial and medical criteria."
The BRCA gene test is a blood test. The blood sample is sent to a lab for DNA analysis. It can take several weeks before test results are available.
The first step in the gene testing process is to meet with a genetic counselor.
Have I answered your questions adequately?