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Hemorrhoids is a condition in which the veins around the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed. It may result from straining to move stool. Other contributing factors include pregnancy, aging, chronic constipation or diarrhea, and anal intercourse.

Hemorrhoids are either inside the anus—internal—or under the skin around the anus—external.

According to the Digestive Diseases Clearinghouse, you can treat the symptoms of hemorroids through tub baths several times a day in plain, warm water for about 10 minutes and the application of a hemorrhoidal cream or suppository to the affected area for a limited time.

Doctors may also recommend fluids, fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Techniques to reduce or remove hemorrhoids are:

Rubber band ligation. A rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid inside the rectum. The band cuts off circulation, and the hemorrhoid withers away within a few days.

Sclerotherapy. A chemical solution is injected around the blood vessel to shrink the hemorrhoid.

Infrared coagulation. A special device is used to burn hemorrhoidal tissue.

Hemorrhoidectomy. Occasionally, extensive or severe internal or external hemorrhoids may require removal by surgery known as hemorrhoidectomy.

You can prevent hemorrhoids by making sure stools are soft.

For more information, contact the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse at:

2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3570
Phone: 1–800–891–5389
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: ]]>[email protected]]]>
Internet: www.digestive.niddk.nih.gov

August 4, 2008 - 9:18am


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